India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history.
When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years
ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley
The name ‘India’ is derived from the River
Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The
Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name ‘Hindustan’
combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus. Chess was invented in India.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India in 100 B.C.
The World’s First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at
Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from a single
80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple was built in just
five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja
India is the largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.
The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet
saint Gyandev. It was originally called ‘Mokshapat’. The ladders in the
game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was
played with cowrie shells and dices. In time, the game underwent several
modifications, but its meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds take
people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.
first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than
10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects.
The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the
greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The
Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in
the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by India’s
wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered
America by mistake.
The Art of Navigation & Navigating was
born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation
is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘NAVGATIH’. The word navy is also
derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’.
calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of
years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the
time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
The value of “pi” was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician
Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the
Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long before
the European mathematicians.
Algebra, Trigonometry and
Calculus also originated in India.Quadratic Equations were used by
Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and
the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 1053
(i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000
B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today, the largest used number is
Terra: 1012(10 to the power of 12).
Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds in the world. (Source: Gemological Institute of America).
Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over2600 years ago
Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like cataract,
artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery
and brain surgeries.
Usage of anaesthesia was well known in
ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology,
digestion, metabolism,physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is
also found in many ancient Indian texts.
The four religions born in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world’s population.
Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called “the Ancient City” when
Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously
inhabited city in the world today.
Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.